A mole (nevus) is a pigmented (colored) spot on the outer layer of the skin (epidermis).
Moles can be round, oval, flat, or raised. They can occur singly or in clusters on any part of the body. Most moles are brown, but colors can range from pinkish flesh tones to yellow, dark blue, or black.
Most moles are benign (not cancerous), but atypical moles (dysplastic nevi) may develop into malignant melanoma, a potentially fatal form of skin cancer . Atypical moles are usually hereditary. Most are bigger than a pencil eraser, and the shape and pigmentation are irregular.
The cause of moles is unknown, although atypical moles seem to run in families and result from exposure to sunlight.
A mole should be evaluated by a dermatologist.
A skin tag is a small flap of tissue that hangs off the skin by a connecting stalk.Skin tags are not dangerous. They are usually found on the neck, chest, back, armpits, under thebreasts, or in the groin area. Skin tags appear most often in women, especially with weight gain, and in elderly people.
Skin tags usually don’t cause any pain. However, they can become irritated if anything, such as clothing or jewelry, rubs them.
How Are Skin Tags Treated?
Your dermatologist can remove a skin tag by cutting it off, with cryosurgery (freezing it off), or with electrosurgery, CO2 FRACTIONAL LASER.
Lentigo and Your Skin
A lentigo (plural: lentigines) is a spot on the skin that is darker (usually brown) than the surrounding skin. Lentigines are more common among those with fair skin.
What Causes Lentigines?
Exposure to the sun seems to be the major cause of lentigines. Lentigines most often appear on parts of the body that get the most sun, including the face and hands. Some lentigines may be caused by genetics (family history) or by medical procedures such as radiation therapy.
How Are Lentigines Treated?
There are several methods for treating lentigines:
- Cryosurgery (freezing it off)
- Laser surgery
- Creams that are applied to the skin but doesn’t permanently remove lentigines. These include retinoids and bleaching agents.
Can Lentigines Be Prevented?
The best way to prevent lentigines is to stay out of the sun as much as possible, especially between the hours of 10 a.m. and 4 p.m. Use a sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or more when outdoors, and wear protective clothing, such as long-sleeved shirts, pants, and a wide-brimmed hat. Avoid using tanning beds.
Freckles are small brown spots usually found on the face and arms. Freckles are extremely common and are not a health threat. They are more often seen in the summer, especially among lighter-skinned people and people with light or red hair.
What Causes Freckles?
Causes of freckles include genetics and exposure to the sun.
Do Freckles Need to Be Treated?
Since freckles are almost always harmless, there really is no need to treat them. As with many skin conditions, it’s best to avoid the sun as much as possible, or use a sunscreen with SPF 50. This is especially important because people who freckle easily (for example, lighter-skinned people) are more likely to develop skin cancer.
If you feel that your freckles are a problem or you don’t like the way they look, you can cover them up with makeup or consider certain types of laser treatment.
Seborrheic Keratoses and Your Skin
Seborrheic keratoses are brown or black growths usually found on the chest and back, as well as on the head. They originate from cells called keratinocytes. As they develop, seborrheic keratoses take on a warty appearance. They do not normally lead to skin cancer.
What Causes Seborrheic Keratoses?
The cause of seborrheic keratoses is unknown. They are seen more often as people get older.
How Are Seborrheic Keratoses Treated?
Seborrheic keratoses are harmless and are not contagious. Therefore, they don’t need to be treated.
If you decide to have seborrheic keratoses removed because you don’t like the way they look, or because they are chronically irritated by clothing, methods for removing them include cutting them off, cryosurgery, and electrosurgery.
A wart is a hardened, bumpy, or rough piece of skin that grows faster than normal. Warts are caused by infection with the human papilloma virus (HPV). Most warts are harmless, but the virus that causes warts is contagious and can be spread by direct contact with others. Warts may develop anywhere on the body, including the bottom of the feet, palm of the hands, fingers, and genitals. Warts are typically brown or flesh-coloured, although genital warts may also appear pink or red.
How do people get common skin warts?
If you have any type of skin wart, it means that you came in contact with a wart-causing virus sometime in the past, though it could have been months ago.
“The most common way is direct skin-to-skin contact, such as shaking hands with someone who has warts on their hand. You can also get the virus from inanimate objects, like towels that have been used by someone with a wart.”
The viruses are more likely to cause warts when they come in contact with skin that is damaged or cu.
Is it possible to prevent skin warts?
- Be sure you wash your hands thoroughly and regularly.
- If you work out at a gym, make sure that you clean equipment before use with a clean towel.
- Protect yourself in the gym locker room and shower by wearing rubber flip-flops or sandals.
The second way to prevent skin warts is to keep your skin as cut- and nick-free as possible.
What is the best way to remove warts?
If your warts are causing you emotional or physical discomfort, see a dermatologist, who can freeze or burn the wart off, or use immune boosting medicines.
Warts Moles & Skin Growths
- Fractional & Conventional Q Switched 1064 Nd : YAG Laser
- Ellman Radiofrequency (USA)
- Fractional & Conventional CO2 Laser