What is Skin Pigmentation?
The reason people have different skin colour and shade is because of melanocytes which are the cells that are responsible for the production of melanin. Melanin is the pigment that is responsible for giving the skin, hair and eyes their colour. It also helps with the regulation of heat, protects the body from UV radiation and provides cosmetic variation.
What are Skin Pigmentation Disorders?
Skin pigmentation disorders alter the colour of the skin. This is caused by damage or abnormality of the cells that make melanin. Pigmentation disorders can affect the whole body or just patches of skin.
Types of Skin Pigmentation Disorders
UV exposure causes a higher production of melanin in the body. However, there are also other factors that can increase or decrease melanin production.
Main causes of hyperpigmentation are sun exposure, hormonal changes and skin inflammation.Many skin types tend to have hyperpigmentation after a skin injury such as a pimple or a scrape.
Hypopigmentation is a skin disorder. It can also be a potential unwanted side effect of certain cosmetic procedures or ingredients.
- Pigment loss from skin damage – in some cases after a burn, ulcer, blister or infection, the skin doesn’t replace some of the pigment in the affected area.
Causes of Skin Pigmentation Disorders?
1. Heat : Too much sun exposure to heat
2. Injury: If a wound from an injury heals, there can be inflammation which can later develop into pigmentation.
3. Medication – there are certain medicines that can cause skin pigmentation as an adverse effect when they are used during treatment.
Tips to Prevent Skin Pigmentation Disorders
- Protect yourself from the UV rays of the sun by wearing appropriate clothing and using sunscreen.
- Eat a healthy, well-balanced diet.
- Be careful with the medication you are taking. If you notice any changes in the pigment of your skin after taking new drugs, talk to your doctor about it.